Tuesday, October 19th, 2021
There are approximately 18.2 million Americans living with diabetes, and another 13 million who will be diagnosed with the condition at any given time.
So this disease is considered to be on the up rise.
What you need to know, is what exactly is diabetes and how many “types” are there.
The Definition Of Diabetes
Diabetes is derived from Diabeinain – which is a Greek word meaning “to pass through” – so in this case think urination.
The first part of the scientific word for Diabetes is Mellitus, which is Latin for “Sweetened together with honey.”
So once the words are combined together, they mean sweetened urine or sugar in the urine.
What Causes Diabetes
Diabetes is the result of when the body, is unable to produce or properly make use of insulin.
Insulin is the hormone that controls how sugar, starch and other foods are converted into glucose in the body.
The pancreas is in charge of releasing this hormone into the blood stream.
Its sole duty is to maintain the blood glucose levels, within a certain range that’s deemed normal.
When a person eats, the meal’s glucose is stored in the liver as glycogen, and is released into the blood stream between meals.
The role of insulin is to control the storage and the release of this glucose.
What insulin does, is makes sure glucose that is always in the blood at a certain point in time, never too much or too little.
The World Health Organization (WHO) Defines Five Types Of Diabetes
WHO has classified diabetes into five distinct types:
• Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes)
• Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 2 Diabetes)
• Gestational Diabetes
• Diabetes Insipidus
• Bronze Diabetes
Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes)
This degree of diabetes is the result of the pancreas, unable to produce the hormone insulin.
This type is usually the most prevalent in children and young adults.
A lack of insulin, means the sugar and starches cannot breakdown and become fuel for the body (energy).
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 2 Diabetes)
This type of diabetes, usually occurs later in a person’s life, where the pancreas cannot produce an adequate amount of insulin for one reason or another.
This can be for a multitude of reasons.
This type of diabetes, most commonly occurs when a woman is pregnant, but usually goes away around three weeks after giving birth.
It’s thought that 3% percent of pregnancies will develop gestational diabetes, while half of them are diagnosed with diabetes later on in life.
This is a rare form of diabetes, that occurs when there is a disruption in how the body uses the control of its water levels.
This form of diabetes is more of a genetic disorder, which is the result of too much iron being stored in the body.
It can potentially cause organ damage, such as damage to the pancreas that will lead to the development of diabetes.