Differences Between Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes

Friday, November 26th, 2021
Take the following short quiz to see if you are at risk of potentially having Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is more common in certain ethnic groups such as African Americans, Native Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.

If you happen to be in one of these groups, you need to pay more attention to this questionnaire.

What’s also explained below are the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

Check “Yes” next to each statement if it’s true for you. If a statement isn’t true, don’t check it.

– (1 Point) I am a woman who’s had a baby weighing more than 9 pounds at birth
– (1 Point) I have a sister or brother who has diabetes
– (1 Point) I have a parent who has diabetes
– (5 Points) I am under 65 years of age and I get little or no exercise
– (5 Points) I am between 45 and 64 years of age
– (5 Points) I am 65 years old or older and overweight
– (5 Points) I am one of the ethnic groups listed above

Add Your Totals

10 or more points: You are at a high risk for potentially getting diabetes. Only your doctor can check to see if you have it.

3 to 9 points: You are probably at a lower risk for having diabetes right now, but it doesn’t mean just forget about it.

Keep your risk low by losing weight if you are overweight. Be active on a daily basis and eat low-fat meals such as fruits and vegetables and whole grain foods.

Diabetes is a serious disease that can potentially lead to blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, stroke and loss of a limb.

So What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes Mellitus is the scientific term for the common disease known as diabetes. What’s known is that there are differences in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, which are the two most common types.

Diabetes is a medical condition where the cells in the body can’t absorb and convert sugar, or there’s not enough insulin being secreted into the body.

So what needs to be clarified are the differences. What is Type 1 and what is Type 2 diabetes as the symptoms and treatment are different.

For both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, the blood sugar levels become too high and remains that way, which causes an unhealthy situation.

The initial tale-tell signs of diabetes is the constant need to urinate (polyuria), constantly being thirsty (polydipsia) and constantly being hungry (polyphagia).

There Are Five Known Types Of Diabetes:

• Type 1 Diabetes
• Type 2 Diabetes
• Gestational Diabetes

The rarer types of diabetes are:
• Bronze Diabetes
• Diabetes Insipidus

What Is Diabetes Type 1

This is when the body doesn’t produce insulin naturally. Diabetes Type 1 usually develops before turning 40 years old, and is commonly known as juvenile or early-onset diabetes.

While almost everyone have heard of this type of diabetes, it’s not what generates the most attention.

This is not saying however, that it’s not harmful to health.

People who are Type 1 diabetic, needs to take insulin injections to ensure sugar absorption for the rest of their lives, as it helps in regulating blood sugar levels.

Most doctors will also suggest they follow a strict diabetic diet.

What Is Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes Type 2 is more well known. What the body does is one of two things:

• It doesn’t produce enough insulin in the cells or
• The cells don’t react well to insulin (which means they are insulin resistant)

This is the most common type of diabetes in the world, as 9 out of every 10 people who are diabetic are Type 2.

To control this type of diabetes, you need to constantly keep an eye on your blood sugar level, start a weight loss program, make changes to your diet and get plenty of exercise.

As far as the medical community is concerned, taking these measures can only control it but not cure it.

Once the cells start to weaken and they expand, and the immune system doesn’t work as it should, the diabetes condition worsens.

Eventually, the diabetic needs to start taking insulin in tablet form.

The more obese that one is, the higher the chances are of developing Type 2 diabetes.

The reason for this is because obesity causes the body to secrete chemicals that weakens the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems.

However, it’s important to understand that obesity isn’t the only factor in the development of Type 2 diabetes.

If you don’t exercise and live a sedentary lifestyle, what you’ll do is increase your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes.

The wrong foods can also have a negative impact on your lifestyle. What you need is to adopt a strict diet.

What Is Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes is only prevalent in pregnant women. It occurs once a woman has an excessive amounts of blood glucose in her body, and it can’t generate enough insulin to burn the excess sugar.

If gestational diabetes isn’t controlled, it can result in childbirth complications.

The baby may be bigger than it should be, which means a C-section may be needed.

Once gestational diabetes is diagnosed, the patient needs to start using blood-sugar controlling medication.

According to clinical research, consuming too much cholesterol and animal fat, can increase the chances of developing gestational diabetes.

If you’re trying to get pregnant, you need to control how much animal fat and cholesterol you consume.

What Is Bronze Diabetes

Bronze diabetes, also known as hemochromatosis, is diagnosed once the body absorbs too much iron from the food that’s being consumed.

The name comes from what it does to the body, which is it darkens the skin and hyperglycemia.

This rare type of diabetes is the result of a faulty gene, and can eventually lead to damage in the other bodily organs.

Because bronze diabetes can cause damage to the other organs, a liver biopsy needs to be done to find if any damage has taken place.

Bronze diabetes symptoms tend to become noticeable around the age of 40 and beyond.

Doctors will diagnose this type of diabetes by performing a serum ferritin and a transferrin saturation blood test. A DNA blood test may also be needed to see if it’s genetic.

What Is Diabetes Insipidus

This is the final type of rare diabetes. What results is the imbalance of bodily fluids. Due to this imbalance, you may find yourself still thirsty even if you just drank fluid.

Due to the excess amount of fluid you drink because of this thirst, you have the urge to urinate more often.

Diabetes Insipidus like Type 1 diabetes, has no known cure.

There are however treatment that the doctors can recommend, which alleviates the constant need to drink often which reduces your bathroom breaks.

This condition occurs once the body can’t balance its fluid level. The resulting health issues depends on the type of diabetes insipidus you have:

• Central diabetes insipidus
• Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
• Gestational diabetes insidious
• Primary polydipsia

A doctor will often diagnose a person with this condition, by the excess urge to drink and the constant need to urinate.

Gestational diabetes, bronze diabetes and diabetes insipidus are rarer forms, and are not as common as Types 1 and 2 diabetes.

Differences Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

• How diabetes type 1 and type 2 develop
• How to control it
• What the symptoms are
• How to live a healthy life with diabetes, and
• How you can naturally reverse Type 2 diabetes

What Causes Diabetes

We’ve all heard the medical term “diabetes,” and have a general understanding of what the disease is.

It’s a disease where the blood glucose levels are higher than they should be.

Note: Glucose also means sugar. The condition develops because the sugar can’t get into the cells, which means they starve for sugar.

Think of it as a person who’s extremely hungry and at a buffet. The mouth however is sewn shut and as a result unable to eat anything.

There are an estimated 21 million Americans who have diabetes, and an estimated one-third of them don’t even realize they have the disease.

This is considered a major problem!

After all, diabetes can lead to an array of serious health issues, including but not limited to:

• Blindness
• Heart disease
• Kidney failure
• Potential amputation in the lower extremities, such as the toes, feet and legs

In the U.S. alone, diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death, most because of developing heart disease.

A person with diabetes has the same risk of having a heart attack, as someone who already had one.

This is why diabetics are advised to speak with their doctor immediately if they suspect they have diabetes, and follow their advice at all times.

Everyone needs to get regular check-ups, and have their cholesterol and blood pressure monitored often.

Using tobacco and alcohol also increases the risk of heart attacks for diabetics, and the reason why they’re urged to quit these vices.

Early Signs Of Diabetes

We reviewed the five different types of diabetes. The basic premise of the disease are all the same.

Regardless of the type of diabetes a person has, the key reason for the development is that the body can’t produce or use glucose efficiently.

Once this happens, it causes the body’s blood sugar levels to spike and it remains above the normal range.

How The Cells Function

• The billions of cells in the body which uses the glucose, needs to absorb the sugar in the blood so it can turn it into fuel
• The insulin, which is produced by the pancreas, allows the sugar to enter the cells
• The glucose that’s broken down from food, the liver or muscles, is known as glycogen

For the other types of diabetes, the body produces the insulin but not enough of it for the body. There are just a small number of cells that allows the glucose to seep through.

Another issue is that some cells won’t work as they should, and won’t allow the glucose to enter.

Every one of these is a recipe for a copious amount of glucose to remain in the bloodstream.

Type 1 And 2 Diabetes Symptoms

If you think you have symptoms of diabetes, you need to visit your doctor to get an official diagnosis.

If you have any of the following symptoms, it’s imperative you see your doctor immediately:

• Extreme thirst
• Constant urination
• Excessive hunger
• Numbness or tingling of the extremities
• Excessive tiredness
• Slow healing sores Dry skin
• Reoccurring infections
• Unexplained weight loss
• Vomiting
• Stomach pain and nausea

Most are under the assumption that since glucose is sugar, all they need is to stop eating sweets, which is wrong.

The reality is that the majority of foods and the carbohydrates eaten, breaks down into a simple structure called glucose.

Once food enters the stomach, it immediately begins to break down the food consumed.

The stomach breaks the carbohydrates down for the glucose, while the protein is broken down for the amino acids.

Once the food is broken down, the body uses it for a variety of things.

The blood picks it up, so the cells can use it for energy.

For those who are healthy, the blood picks up the glucose that’s been absorbed in the GI tract, which tells the pancreas that it needs to produce and release insulin.

When it comes to Type 2 diabetes, the body can’t produce enough insulin, or the cells are unable to take in the insulin.

In either case, the cells don’t receive the glucose that’s needed for energy, which leaves it to wander in the bloodstream.

When there’s a build-up of glucose in the body, it leads to blood vessel and organ damage, which increases the chances of heart disease.

It’s important to maintain as close to normal glucose levels as possible at all times.

Once there is an extremely high level of glucose in the body, is when it starts to spill over into the urine.

The Connection Between Diabetes And Exercise: Why It’s Important

There are 21 million people in the U.S. who have diabetes, and an estimated 6.2 million who are unaware they have the disease.There are also 57 million people with pre-diabetes.

Based on the American Diabetes Associations research, those with diabetes pay 2.3 times more in medical expenses than those without diabetes.

The Population Health Management believes diabetes costs the healthcare industry $218 billion annually.

The majority who are diabetic, the condition can be prevented through a healthy lifestyle, such as regular exercise and a proper diet.

For those who are pre-diabetic, they know how to take care of their health, so they may never develop Type 2 diabetes.

So a person who’s pre-diabetic can prevent themselves from getting full-blown Type 2 diabetes, by leading a healthy lifestyle.

By maintaining your weight and exercising regularly, you can reverse the damage which manages the glucose at normal levels.

This is however what most don’t understand.

It can be as easy as maintaining a proper diet and exercising. which can prevent diabetes.

How To Know If You Have Diabetes

You may begin seeing the signs of diabetes in yourself, your family or friends once you know its symptoms. It’s entirely possible that people you know can be diabetic and don’t even know it.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention, believes that one in three Americans will get diabetes at some point in their life, which is a staggering number if you think about it.

So what about the Type 2 diabetics who are diagnosed with the condition?

Would they change their lifestyle if they knew just altering their diet and exercising regularly could reverse the disease?

At times, all that’s needed is just adopting a healthier lifestyle, but it’s the drug companies who don’t want the diabetics to know this

Know that it can be as simple as a healthy diet and exercise, that plays a huge role in reversing Type 2 diabetes.

The healthcare system will end up in chaos, if those who are diabetic all begins to take personal responsibility of their health.

Questions About Diabetes

Those who understand what diabetes is, still have a variety of questions when it comes to their health, such as:

• Should I be reducing my sugar intake?
• Does my weight gain increase my risk?
• If I’m thin and fit, does that lower my risk?
• Is diet and exercise really that important?
• How can my blood sugar level be controlled?

Know that some have no idea of the consequences For instance,

• A person who’s been diabetic for five years has a greater chance of developing cardiovascular disease
• Regular exercise can increase insulin sensitivity, which allows the diabetic to alleviate their medication dosages

How Doctors Diagnose and Treat Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is considered to be the “silent” disease, because most people show little to no symptoms or signs of having it.

Some symptoms include:

• Constant urination
• Excessive hunger
• Excessive thirst
• Unexplained weight loss
• Slow healing sores
• Dry, itchy skin
• Tingling feet
• Blurry sight

Unfortunately, there are plenty of people who have diabetes and never show any signs.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms will gradually appear as one ages, while Type 1 diabetes develops sooner.

How Doctors Diagnose Diabetes

Doctors will use a variety of tests to diagnose diabetes, including:

• They use a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test or
• An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

The random plasma glucose test, allows doctors to know if their patient has diabetes.

If any test reveals positive for diabetes, the doctor will perform a second fasting plasma glucose or an oral glucose tolerance test, at a later date to confirm the diagnosis.

Since Type 2 diabetes is more common in older or overweight individuals, those who are 45 years old or older should be tested annually for diabetes.

Diabetes is a serious disease that can lead to disability, pain and at times death. Some have symptoms but never suspect they have it.

And since they don’t feel symptomatic, they never bother to get a check-up.

Most know there is a risk of diabetes because of their weight or older age, but most never bother to get tested.

Diabetes that doesn’t get diagnosed early enough, can lead to serious health complications such as premature death.

Most often, many won’t get diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes until they suffer from other serious health issues such as difficulty seeing, blurriness and heart problems.

However, by getting regular check-ups and early detection, most can stop the complications before they occur.

How To Treat Diabetes

Diabetes has no known cure. If the blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels are carefully monitored at all time, the disease can be managed.

Type 1 diabetics need to take insulin injections through an insulin pump or be given shots, to control their blood glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetics need insulin, oral medication or a combination of both to control their glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetics however can reverse their condition, by adopting a healthy diet and exercising regularly.

How To Manage Blood Glucose Levels

• Create and follow a meal plan that’s sensible for you. Keep track of how your body responds to the foods you eat
• Increase your physical activity in your everyday life
• Continually check your blood glucose levels based on the doctor’s recommendations

Monitoring Blood Glucose Levels

Create A Sensible Meal Plan
To ensure your blood glucose level stays within the normal range, you need to make good healthy food choices.

Diabetics must have a well-thought-out meal plan, that’s based on how their body responds to the foods consumed.

This can be achieved by seeking out the assistance of a dietician, a nutritionist or a proven guide.

When creating your meal plan, you need to remember a few factors:

• You need to maintain your ideal weight
• You need to maintain your blood glucose levels
• You need to take the medication prescribed by your doctor
• You need a routine physical exercise plan

With the proper meal plan, you can attain your ideal healthy body weight, which helps you gain control over your blood glucose levels.

With the assistance of a dietician, you can learn about eating healthy, while ensuring you and your family follows a plan that meets your lifestyle.

Diabetics can eat food that’s great for others to eat. Foods that are low in salt, sugar and fat, and high in fiber such as beans, fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

With healthy choices, you can maintain a healthy weight that controls your blood glucose levels, which decreases the chances of heart disease.

Stay Active By Exercising

It is imperative that diabetics lead a physically active lifestyle. According to clinical research, older adults who regularly exercise tend to have better glucose levels. There is a reason for this.

Exercise provides an array of health benefits, that those with diabetes should take advantage of.

Exercising helps you maintain a healthy weight, improves your insulin function, which reduces blood glucose levels, improves your heart and lungs while boosting your energy levels.

Before starting an exercise regime however, you should speak with your doctor, as certain exercises may not be safe for your condition.

For example, it’s not advised for those who have high blood pressure or eye issues to lift weights.

Make sure you get a physical, to tailor which exercise program is best for you.

Your doctor can recommend exercises that can help reduce your weight, while keeping your blood sugar levels under control.

What’s key is getting some type of physical exercise daily, such as walking, jogging, biking, or activities such as gardening.

You can partake in swimming or dancing, or remain active around the house doing chores such as vacuuming, cleaning the bathroom and kitchen.

There are a variety of activities that you can do every day to increase your physical activity.

What’s recommended is to get at least 30 minutes of exercise every day.

Taking Medication (Insulin and Diabetes Pills)

Type 1 diabetics and some Type 2 diabetics are usually prescribed insulin to reduce their blood sugar levels.

Those using insulin, which is a liquid hormone, do so because the body doesn’t generate enough of it..

Most Type 2 diabetics may also be prescribed pills, because the body can generate insulin, but is unable to use it properly.

At times, some Type 2 diabetics don’t need medication, provided they follow a healthy diet and get regular exercise to treat the condition.

The Need To Self-Monitor Your Blood Sugar Level

A blood glucose monitor can help you to monitor your blood glucose levels.

Make sure to constantly log these readings in a journal, to get a good idea on how the treatment is going.

You can do this multiple time a day or once a day, the choice is up to you and your doctor.

With constant monitoring, you can identify the highs and the lows of your blood sugar levels.

Hypoglycemia is when the blood glucose level is too low.

A hypoglycemic person may become confused and disorientated. A decreased level of blood glucose can result in fainting.

Following the doctor-prescribed treatment plan and constantly monitoring your blood sugar levels, can help you to avoid these issues.

Hyperglycemia is when the glucose levels are too high. If the blood glucose is higher than normal, a person could go into a diabetic coma.

Continually experiencing “highs” means an adjustment needs to be made in the previously laid out plan.

The ABC’s Of Monitoring Diabetes

Diabetics are at significant risk of suffering from strokes or having heart disease. That’s why you need to remember the ABC of blood glucose monitoring, which are:

• AIC (average blood glucose)
• Blood pressure
• Cholesterol

The AIC test gives you a good idea of what your blood glucose level is the majority of the time. A test result of less than seven is a good sign, that you have your diabetes under control.

Anything above 7 means your levels are too high.

If it’s too high, you need to speak with your doctor about a different treatment and lifestyle plan, that helps you regain control over your diabetes.

By lowering your AIC levels to an ideal level, what you lower are the complications of diabetes such as kidney damage or heart disease.

High blood pressure can lead to an array of complications such as kidney disease, stroke and other health problems.

Diabetics should keep their blood pressure within the 130/80 or lower range.

Make sure your doctor checks your blood pressure regularly. If the reading is too high, the doctor may suggest ways to reduce it.

Cholesterol, such as LDL cholesterol, is a fat-like substance that accumulates in the arteries.

If your doctor notices the cholesterol levels are too high, that means the arteries are narrowed.

This can cause a person to suffer from heart disease or may have a heart attack.

Diabetics need to have a cholesterol level of 100 or less.

Any time your cholesterol level is higher than this, it’s important to alter the treatment plan that will lower it.

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