How Diabetes Affects The Body Organs And Systems


Friday, November 26th, 2021
What if you happened to be diagnosed with diabetes? Are you going to stay at home, remain indoors and just continue to inject yourself with insulin everyday?

What needs to be understood are the facts about diabetes, and the need to accept it wholeheartedly as you can’t allow it to become a heavy burden in your life.

Lets begin with defining what diabetes actually is and the most probable causes of this disease.

Diabetes is classified as a disorder, the body’s misuse of the digested food we consume, that’s meant for growth and energy.

The food we eat on a daily basis is broken down into glucose, which is the simplest form of sugar in our bloodstream.

Glucose is the main source of energy for our body.

What diabetes causes is the glucose to back up in our bloodstream, and as more of it builds up, our blood sugar becomes too high.

There are two common types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.

Type I Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes.

This is when the body stops the further production of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to use glucose to produce energy.

Those diagnosed with Type 1, are usually required to take insulin injections on a daily basis in order to survive.

Children or young adults are more likely to develop this type of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is often referred to as adult-onset diabetes or non insulin-dependent diabetes. This is when the body fails to produce insulin, or is unable to use insulin properly.

The diabetic also needs injected insulin for survival. This type of diabetes can also be a life-long condition.

What it affects are the major organs in the body, so those who are diabetic needs to pay extra attention in the following areas.

Diabetes And Your Eyes

Diabetes can play havoc with your eyes, and at times there are no early symptoms.

What you don’t have is any idea that something is wrong until your eyesight becomes affected. There are several issues that are caused or made worse by diabetes.

Cataracts
This condition of the eye known as cataracts, is commonly described as clouding of the lens of the eye. This is treatable by surgery in most cases.

Glaucoma
Our eyes are primarily made up of fluid. Once any type of pressure of that fluid begins to build up inside the eye, this condition is known as glaucoma.

If it’s left untreated, it can eventually damage the optic nerves and at times even lead to blindness.

Diabetic Retinopathy
The lining in the back of the eyes is light sensitive tissue known as the retina. What the retina contains are extremely small blood vessels that can be damaged by diabetic retinopathy.

At times, there are symptoms of this condition such as blurred vision, but most often you won’t know anything is wrong until the condition becomes advanced.

In the worse case scenario, it can lead to blindness.

Early detection is the key to battle these conditions, The solution and the best diagnostic tool available is the dilated eye examination.

This test involves special eye drops that will temporarily enlarge the pupils, allowing the doctor to see the back of your eyes.

This test is able to detect cataracts, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy in their early treatable stages.

Our eyesight is extremely precious, so if you have diabetes then it’s recommended you make an appointment with your optometrist on a yearly basis.

Diabetes And Your Mouth

If you happen to be diabetic, you need to pay special attention to your teeth and gums. There is a greater risk of cavities, tooth infections and gum disease.

In addition to this, these infections related to the mouth area can cause blood sugar to rise, so it becomes a vicious cycle.

Here are some mouth related issues that are common for diabetics.

Plaque Buildup
Plaque can become a problem for almost everyone, and not just for diabetics. It’s caused by starch and sugar buildup, as we all enjoy treats.

Diabetics as a result, are all highly prone to plaque.

Dry Mouth
Most often, the mouth can become extremely dry in the morning once we wake up. This is not just inconvenient, but it’s also dangerous for the health of our mouth.

What active saliva does is it washes away the majority of the bacteria that causes cavities and gum disease.

A dry mouth as a result promotes more cavities and gum disease, as well as inflaming soft tissue in the mouth, which makes eating difficult and unpleasant.

While there are artificial saliva substitutes your dentist can recommend, you can also create your own saliva by sucking on a sugar-free hard candy for instance. Drinking liquid such as water also obviously helps.

Fungal Infections
Not only do diabetics produce less saliva, but the saliva also contains higher sugar content, which becomes a double threat.

This condition can cause a fungal infection known as candiasis, or more commonly known as thrush.

What it produces are sore red or white canker like spots in the mouth. There is medication your dentist can prescribe that can cure this.

For diabetics, what’s recommended is brushing your teeth twice a day, and flossing daily.

Make sure you constantly examine your gums for signs of problems and visit your dentist at least twice a year.

Diabetes And Your Feet

If you are diabetic, you need to take extreme care of your feet, or problems may arise such as reduced blood circulation and nerve damage in the feet.

There are a few symptoms you should look out for, along with it’s prevention.
1.) – If your feet are constantly cold, they hurt in bed a night, or your legs are sore when you walk, they are signs of poor blood circulation.

Poor circulation can also slow down the process of healing from cuts, or other issues with your feet.

Prevention
Make sure you remain as physically active as possible, as that’s one of the best ways to help improve circulation.

You also need to control your sugar and blood fat levels at all times, as well as your blood pressure.

It’s recommended you not smoke or drink excess alcohol.

2.) – If your feet are numb, or there’s a constant burning sensation on the soles of your feet, or they feel like there are pins and needles stabbing in your feet, these are signs of possible nerve damage.

The nerves in our feet are the longest in our body, and can become easily susceptible to damage by diabetes.

If the nerves become damaged, the numbness can result in cuts potentially leading to ulcers.

The worst part is you may not even know it.

Prevention
Make sure that you check your feet regularly to make sure there are no signs of injury or damage.

If you develop corns or calluses, make sure you have them treated immediately by a podiatrist.

Constantly wash and dry between your toes at all times, and keep your nails trimmed and smooth.

What everyone likes is to have their feet pampered, but for diabetics it also prevents serious health issues in the future, so get that foot massage now!

Diabetes And Your Heart

Diabetes is a disease that needs to be treated as soon as it’s diagnosed, especially in its early stages.

Ignoring its symptoms is a mistake, because the blood sugar imbalance diabetics live with can potentially cause a variety of complications, which often leads to other serious health conditions.

One major cause of concern is how it effects the heart.

What the unstable blood sugar levels can cause is poor circulation, which leads to a variety of heart issues.

Hypertension
Diabetes is usually associated with high blood pressure, or hypertension. The first thing your doctor will tell you if you are diabetic, is to get your blood pressure down.

While a systolic pressure of 140 (the top number) might be acceptable for most, diabetics need to aim for 130 or lower, this to avoid possible heart disease.

Blood Fats
Cholesterol and tryglycerides known as blood fats, also need to be lower for diabetics.

Your best bet is to consume plenty of fruits and vegetables, and reduce eating packaged or fried foods to control your blood fat, so throw out that frying pan!

Blood Sugar
The blood sugar level needs constant monitoring for diabetics, as constantly high levels will damage blood vessels which can lead to cardiovascular difficulties.

Control Your Weight
What’s vitally important for diabetics is to maintain a healthy weight. This is particularly important especially if you happen to be obese.

Being overweight forces your heart muscles to work harder, to pump the needed blood through your bodily system.

What results are weakened blood vessels, which are already susceptible to damage from fluctuating blood sugar levels.

It can become a vicious cycle you want to avoid.

Your heart is the motor that controls your entire body, so you need to keep it in the best possible shape you can.

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